About Fisheries Sector

Tanzania has a great potential in both inland and marine fisheries resources. The country has a Territorial coastline sea of about 64,000 km2 and a coastline of 1,424 km. The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is up to 200 nautical miles covering an area of 223,000 km2 providing the country with additional marine area and fisheries resources.

The total inland water area covers about 61,500 km2 equivalent to 6.5 percent of the total land area. The fresh water resources are found in the shared waters of the East African Great Lakes namely, Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa and Lake Tanganyika. In addition, the country is endowed with other minor lakes and man-made dams, river system and wetlands.

The fisheries sector plays a significant role in social and economic development by contributing to the economic and social wellbeing of the country particularly in supply of animal protein, income generation, employment, tourism and food security all of which are crucial for the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.

Currently, the sector supports a total of 202,053 people directly as fishers deriving their livelihood from various fishery resources in the country (2019). It also supports more than 4 million people who are engaged in related fisheries activities such as, processing, trading, fish transporting, net making and boat building. The contribution of the sector to the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has been estimated at 1.71 %. (National Economic Survey 2019).